We have absolute protection for our internal beliefs, but this never means the same protection for our external actions. So we have to decide which external actions are permitted, bearing in mind internal protection. Therefore, I introduce some cases of the Supreme Court of Japan (coercing apology, playing the piano accompaniment to Kimigayo, membership fee, Incantation to a mental patient based on religious belief, dissolving the religious corporation, absent from class on fathers’ visiting day and the Kendo lesson) that analyzed the relationship between thoughts and actions.
"Absolute Freedom of Mind and Regulating Actions: Tendency of Case Law in the Supreme Court of Japan,"
Japanese Society and Culture: Vol. 1
, Article 1.
Available at: https://gensoken.toyo.ac.jp/japanese-society-and-culture/vol1/iss1/1